Health and Wellness
The St. Louis County Health Status Report acknowledges the impact of race, poverty and zip code on the overall health of citizens and the community as a whole. The report envisions a community “where all people are safe and healthy”. However, social conditions, such as education, income, and race may impact mortality more than individual choices. Duluth life expectancy: Whites 78 years, People of color 73 years. http://www.stlouiscountymn.gov/GOVERNMENT/ReportsPublications/HealthHumanServicesReports.aspx
US unemployment rates: Whites 6.6 %; Blacks 12.5 % (Black men 22 %) American In¬dians 14.6 %, Hispanics 11.5 %. MNSAC Unemployment
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2012 dollars), 2008-2012 – $24,480, State – $30,656
Median household income, 2008-2012 – $41,311, State – $59,126
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008-2012 – 21.9%, State – 11.2%
Duluth high school graduates: White 71 %; Black 43%; American In¬dians 39%. ISD 709 Continuous Improvement Plan
Everyone has a right to live anywhere they can afford. Racial Disparity Still Haunts Housing Market
MN people of color population is 13 %, in prison 47%, (50 % of inmates did not graduate from their high school), in our 6th Judicial District people of color are 7 % of population yet comprise 30 % of the felony offenders. Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines
Linked here is the Duluth’s Housing Indicator Report that has been issued for 12 years: http://www.duluthmn.gov/media/348599/City-of-Duluth-2014-Housing-Indicator-Report.pdf
The level of poverty in Duluth is estimated at 22.1%. This is down slightly from the 2010 decennial census at 22.2%. However, this is up significantly from the 2000 rate of 15.5%. Other jurisdictions are as follows: United States 14.9%, State of Minnesota 11.2%, Rochester 9.9%, Minneapolis 22.5%, St. Paul 22.8%, Mankato 27.2%, and St. Cloud 23.1%.
A number of factors contribute to homelessness. In a statewide survey of homeless people conducted by the Wilder Research Foundation, most recently in 2009, people interviewed in Duluth cited various reasons for leaving their permanent housing. The most common reasons, which sometimes included more than one, include: ‘could not afford the rent’ (39%), ‘lost my job’ (37%), ‘eviction’ (36%), and ‘breakup with spouse or partner’ (27%).